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Government Spending Details

Spending details break down government expenditures by function and level of government. You can also drill down to view more spending detail by clicking the [+] control on each function line.

To DOWNLOAD DATA click here.

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Units: By default, values are displayed in billions of nominal dollars. By using a dropdown control in the table heading you can select millions of dollars, percent of GDP, percent of federal total, percent of overall total, dollars per capita of population, and thousand dollars per capita of population.
Fiscal Year: The default year displayed is the current US government fiscal year. But you can select any year you want using the dropdown control in the table heading. At the top and bottom of the dropdown only years ending in “0” are shown. Select a year to get close, then select the year you want. You can increase or decrease the year using the “yr” text links in the table heading.
US Budget Year: By default, the table displays budgeted and estimated numbers from the most recent US Federal Budget submitted to the Congress by the president. But you can look at numbers from other US Federal Budgets using this dropdown control.
full screen
GDP: $19,302.8 bln
$33,757.6 bln
State and Local Spending: By default, state and local spending are displayed separately. But you can select state'n local and display state and local spending combined.
US or State: By default, the table shows values for governments in the United States overall. But for years after 1991 you can select individual states by selecting the state dropdown control in the table heading or the text link right above it.
Pie Chart: Select a pie chart you wish to display. You can create a pie chart for federal, state and local, and overall spending/revenue.

United States Federal
State and Local Government Spending
Pop: 325.4 million
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2017 in $ billion   +1yr +4yr
View: people old default radical census
programs altprog oldprog COFOG
Total chart
[+]  Pensions 1,033.4 0.0 252.2 52.4 1,338.0
[+]  Health Care 1,172.5 -412.9 626.2 164.1 1,550.1
[+]  Education 120.5 -58.5 311.0 698.5 1,071.4
Charts: Click on a to display a bar of data in a row or column of this table.
Click on to display a time-series chart of data in a row.
[+] Drill-down: Click on the [+] to drill down to more detailed numbers. For federal spending line items (but not revenue) you can drill down three levels to view about 4,000 items of spending at the “agency code” level.
Defense:  Start chart 853.6 0.0 1.2 0.1 854.8
[–]  Military defense 617.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 617.0
[–] Department of Defense -- Military (051) 586.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 586.8
— Recoveries under the Foreign Military Sales Program, Navy-0.2 -0.2
— General Fund Proprietary Receipts, not Otherwise Classified, Navy-0.1 -0.1
— General Fund Proprietary Receipts, not Otherwise Classified, Army-0.1 -0.1
— General Fund Proprietary Receipts, not Otherwise Classified, Air Force-0.1 -0.1
— General Fund Proprietary Receipts, not Otherwise Classified, Defense Agencies-0.1 -0.1
— Contributions for Burdensharing and Other Cooperative Activities (Kuwait)-0.2 -0.2
— Contributions for Burdensharing and Other Cooperative Activities (Japan)-0.2 -0.2
— Contributions for Burdensharing and Other Cooperative Activities (So. Korea)-0.4 -0.4
— Contributions for Mutually Beneficial Activities (Kuwait)-0.1 -0.1
— Operation and Maintenance, Defense-wide37.6 37.6
— Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense1.1 1.1
— Office of the Inspector General0.3 0.3
— Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps7.0 7.0
— Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps Reserve0.3 0.3
— Defense Health Program34.2 34.2
— Cooperative Threat Reduction Account0.4 0.4
— Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund0.9 0.9
— Operation and Maintenance, Navy46.0 46.0
— Operation and Maintenance, Navy Reserve1.0 1.0
— Operation and Maintenance, Army54.4 54.4
— Operation and Maintenance, Army National Guard6.8 6.8
— Operation and Maintenance, Army Reserve2.8 2.8
— Afghanistan Security Forces Fund3.5 3.5
— Afghanistan Infrastructure Fund0.1 0.1
— Iraq Train and Equip Fund0.6 0.6
— Syria Train and Equip Fund0.1 0.1
— Operation and Maintenance, Air Force46.6 46.6
— Operation and Maintenance, Air Force Reserve3.1 3.1
— Operation and Maintenance, Air National Guard6.6 6.6
— Mutually Beneficial Activities0.1 0.1
— The Department of Defense Environmental Restoration Accounts0.7 0.7
— Environmental Restoration, Formerly Used Defense Sites0.2 0.2
— Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic Aid0.1 0.1
— Allied Contributions and Cooperation Account0.8 0.8
— Procurement, Marine Corps1.0 1.0
— Aircraft Procurement, Navy16.0 16.0
— Weapons Procurement, Navy3.0 3.0
— Procurement of Ammunition, Navy and Marine Corps0.7 0.7
— Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy14.8 14.8
— Other Procurement, Navy6.1 6.1
— Aircraft Procurement, Army5.4 5.4
— Missile Procurement, Army1.3 1.3
— Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Combat Vehicles, Army1.6 1.6
— Procurement of Ammunition, Army1.8 1.8
— Other Procurement, Army5.8 5.8
— Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund0.5 0.5
— Procurement, Defense-wide4.8 4.8
— Aircraft Procurement, Air Force11.7 11.7
— Procurement of Ammunition, Air Force1.2 1.2
— Missile Procurement, Air Force3.4 3.4
— Space Procurement, Air Force1.5 1.5
— Other Procurement, Air Force20.6 20.6
— National Guard and Reserve Equipment0.9 0.9
— Defense Production Act Purchases0.2 0.2
— Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense0.5 0.5
— Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Navy17.1 17.1
— Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Navy0.1 0.1
— Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Army7.8 7.8
— Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Air Force27.9 27.9
— Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Air Force0.1 0.1
— Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Defense-wide18.2 18.2
— Operational Test and Evaluation, Defense0.2 0.2
— Military Construction, Navy and Marine Corps1.5 1.5
— Military Construction, Army2.1 2.1
— Military Construction, Army National Guard0.3 0.3
— Military Construction, Army Reserve0.2 0.2
— Military Construction, Air Force1.0 1.0
— Military Construction, Air Force Reserve0.1 0.1
— Military Construction, Air National Guard0.1 0.1
— Military Construction, Defense-wide2.3 2.3
— Department of Defense Base Closure Account 20050.1 0.1
— Department of Defense Base Closure Account0.5 0.5
— North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment Program0.2 0.2
— Family Housing Construction, Army0.1 0.1
— Family Housing Operation and Maintenance, Army0.4 0.4
— Family Housing Operation and Maintenance, Navy and Marine Corps0.3 0.3
— Family Housing Operation and Maintenance, Air Force0.3 0.3
— Family Housing Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide0.1 0.1
— Department of Defense Family Housing Improvement Fund0.1 0.1
— National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund0.1 0.1
— National Defense Sealift Fund0.2 0.2
— Working Capital Fund, Army0.4 0.4
— Working Capital Fund, Navy-0.6 -0.6
— Working Capital Fund, Air Force0.5 0.5
— Working Capital Fund, Defense Commissary Agency1.5 1.5
— Working Capital Fund, Defense-Wide0.5 0.5
— Foreign National Employees Separation Pay0.1 0.1
— Voluntary Separation Incentive Fund0.1 0.1
— Host Nation Support Fund for Relocation0.2 0.2
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, Navy1.2 1.2
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, Marine Corps0.7 0.7
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, Reserve Personnel, Navy0.1 0.1
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps0.1 0.1
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, Army1.8 1.8
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, Reserve Personnel, Army0.3 0.3
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, National Guard Personnel, Army0.6 0.6
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, Air Force1.2 1.2
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, Reserve Personnel, Air Force0.1 0.1
— Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Fund Contribution, National Guard Personnel, Air Force0.2 0.2
— Military Personnel, Marine Corps13.3 13.3
— Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps0.7 0.7
— Reserve Personnel, Navy1.9 1.9
— Military Personnel, Navy28.2 28.2
— Military Personnel, Army42.0 42.0
— National Guard Personnel, Army8.1 8.1
— Reserve Personnel, Army4.5 4.5
— Military Personnel, Air Force28.5 28.5
— Reserve Personnel, Air Force1.7 1.7
— National Guard Personnel, Air Force3.3 3.3
— Concurrent Receipt Accrual Payments to the Military Retirement Fund7.6 7.6
[+] Atomic energy defense activities (053) 21.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 21.3
[+] Defense-related activities (054) 8.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.8
[+]  Civil defense 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
[+]  Veterans 180.8 0.0 1.2 0.1 182.0
[+]  Foreign military aid 14.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.9
[+]  Foreign economic aid 40.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 40.9
[+]  R and D Defence 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
[+]  Defence n.e.c. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
[+]  Welfare 386.8 -126.9 124.6 90.9 475.4
[+]  Protection 40.9 -9.3 80.9 177.9 290.3
[+]  Transportation 100.2 -69.0 128.5 157.8 317.5
[+]  General Government 53.6 -3.4 60.8 81.8 192.8
[+]  Other Spending 83.1 -14.3 86.7 383.7 539.2
[+]  Interest 302.7 0.0 45.4 62.3 410.3
[+]  Balance -0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.0 -0.0
[+]  Total Spending 4,147.2 -694.2 1,717.5 1,869.4 7,039.8
[+]  Federal Deficit 503.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 503.5
[+]  Gross Public Debt 20,149.4 0.0 1,201.6 1,893.6 23,244.6
[+]  Other Borrowing 108.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 108.5
[+]  Agency/GSE Debt 8,402.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 8,402.5
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Pie Chart: Select a pie chart you wish to display. You can create a pie chart for federal, state and local, and overall spending/revenue.

b - estimated by US budget
g - 'guesstimated' projection by
e - estimated by
Data Sources:
GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years
Switch to revenue

The table shows overall government expenditures for the specified fiscal year. Spending totals are aggregated for each major government function.

  1. For the United States the table shows spending for all levels of government—federal spending, state spending, and local spending.
  2. For individual states the table shows expenditures for state and local governments only.

For explanation of Gov. Xfer column see blog on “All About Intergovernmental Transfers.”

For explanation of Other Borrowing row see blog on “The Feds Borrow More than the ‘Deficit.’”

All federal outlays prior to 2017, state spending prior to 2015 and local spending prior to 2015 are actual. More recent spending, including future years out to 2022, are budgeted, estimated, or guesstimated.

Federal expenditure for 1962 through 2022 is based on federal subfunction data published in the president’s Budget of the United States Government. State and local expenditure—both for the United States as a whole and for individual states—for 1992 through 2011 is derived from spending, revenue, and debt numbers in the US Census Bureau’s annual survey of State and Local Government Finances.

State and local expenditure for the United States as a whole between 1971 and 1991 is obtained from Statistical Abstract of the United States. State and local expenditure for individual states between 1957 and 1991 is obtained from an MS Access database at a US Census Bureau site:

Federal expenditure between 1792 and 1961 and state and local expenditure for the United States as a whole between 1902 and 1971 is obtained from the US Census Bureau’s Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970.

You can use controls on the table to change from display of nationwide spending data to individual states. You can change the year or to drill down to view more detailed spending information. You can also view the spending data as percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Click the button at the right of each line of the table to display a bar chart of government spending. Click a button at the base of each column for a bar chart or pie chart. You can right click on the chart image to copy and paste it into your own content. Click the image to close the chart display.

Download Data

Download Data as CSV File

 Click to download CSV file of data in table


Tab-delimited Table

<table> Table


Data Sources: For a discussion of the sources of the government spending data used here read How We Got the Data for

Intergovernmental Transfers: The column labeled “Gov. Xfer” in the table represents monies paid by the federal government as grants and aid to state and local governments. These are “intergovernmental transfers.”

For a discussion read All About Intergovernmental Transfers.

Federal Spending by Agency Code: If you drill down below the federal subfunction level you can see federal spending split up into about 4,000 agency code accounts.

For a discussion read Federal Spending at the Agency Code Level

Actual vs. Budgeted: Government spending data in includes historical spending and also future spending in three categories: budgeted, estimated, and guesstimated. Records of recent spending are more detailed than historical records of earlier times.

For a table of data sources see Government Spending Data: Sources.

Government Spending Updates: The most recent year for actual federal spending is FY 2016. The most recent year for actual state spending is FY 2014. The most recent year for actual local government spending is FY 2014.

Typically, federal spending for the fiscal year ending September 30 is first updated from the US Treasury data published in mid October each year, and then updated when the federal budget is published the following February. State and local spending is updated when published by the US Census Bureau.

The update schedule is published on Government Spending Update Schedule.

Top Spending Requests:

Find DEFICIT stats and history.

Get WELFARE stats and history.

US BUDGET overview and pie chart.


DOWNLOAD spending data or debt data.

See FEDERAL BUDGET breakdown and estimated vs. actual.

MILITARY SPENDING details, budget and history.


See BAR CHARTS of spending, debt.

Check STATE spending: CA NY TX FL and compare.



Take a COURSE at Spending 101.

Make your own CUSTOM CHART.

Spending Data Sources

Spending data is from official government sources.

Gross Domestic Product data comes from US Bureau of Economic Analysis and

Detailed table of spending data sources here.

Federal spending data begins in 1792.

State and local spending data begins in 1890.

State and local spending data for individual states begins in 1957.

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Next Data Update

> Federal Budget FY18

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2017:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

FY18 Budget Blueprint Released

On March 16, 2018 the Trump administration issued a Budget Blueprint outlining proposed changes to "discretionary" spending for Fiscal Year 2018. The following table shows the major changes to Budget Authority in excess of $2 billion per agency.

AgencyFY18 Change
in $ billion
Health and
Human Services
State and Intl Aid-10.9

Because usgovernmentspending spending data is based on Historical Table 3.2, it shows spending by function rather than by agency. Until Table 3.2 is published in the final version of the FY18 budget we cannot exactly predict how the Table 3.2 numbers will change at the subfunction level.

But we have applied the Budget Blueprint budget authority changes into the budgeted FY18 outlays by guessing the application of agency level changes to subfunction changes to give a rough feeling of what the Trump changes look like. You can check out what is going on here or here.

The numbers will change when the final FY18 federal budget numbers come out.

Spend links

us numbersus budgetcustom chartdeficit/gdpspend/gdpdebt/gdpus gdpus real gdpstate gdpbreakdownfederalstatelocal201520162017californiatexas

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Christopher Chantrill.

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