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GDP By State

Compare state and local spending and debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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GSP Growth
as percent of GSP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending and Debt
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2017  +1yr +4yr
Amounts in $ billion
State State &
Local
Spending
State &
Local
Debt
Gross
State
Product
Real
State
Growth
Popu-
lation
(mln)
 Alabama$43.8$30.7$219.52.4%4.9 more
 Alaska$17.4$7.9$51.31.6%0.7 more
 Arizona$57.5$48.6$311.82.1%7.0 more
 Arkansas$27.1$20.7$130.52.3%3.0 more
 California$537.6$464.2$2,702.33.3%39.5 more
 Colorado$62.6$57.1$337.63.1%5.6 more
 Connecticut$47.5$48.6$277.22.0%3.6 more
 Delaware$12.3$7.1$73.62.5%1.0 more
 District of Columbia$19.0$17.6$133.92.7%0.7 more
 Florida$179.9$180.8$969.52.9%21.0 more
 Georgia$86.3$63.0$541.32.7%10.4 more
 Hawaii$19.3$14.4$86.52.4%1.4 more
 Idaho$12.3$6.9$69.92.5%1.7 more
 Illinois$152.4$155.3$841.32.6%12.8 more
 Indiana$56.1$48.9$362.82.4%6.7 more
 Iowa$36.5$21.0$184.82.1%3.1 more
 Kansas$29.4$25.6$155.21.9%2.9 more
 Kentucky$44.4$38.6$209.02.2%4.4 more
 Louisiana$49.3$41.1$251.52.4%4.7 more
 Maine$14.1$8.7$60.51.9%1.3 more
 Maryland$73.9$53.6$392.92.3%6.0 more
 Massachusetts$92.5$88.2$517.82.5%6.8 more
 Michigan$95.1$79.9$505.92.3%9.9 more
 Minnesota$68.7$51.6$360.42.6%5.6 more
 Mississippi$30.4$14.5$113.72.1%3.0 more
 Missouri$52.8$49.7$315.92.3%6.1 more
 Montana$10.7$5.7$49.13.0%1.1 more
 Nebraska$22.3$16.3$122.12.5%1.9 more
 Nevada$25.5$26.0$154.82.8%3.0 more
 New Hampshire$12.5$9.7$77.92.1%1.3 more
 New Jersey$115.4$103.6$615.22.4%9.0 more
 New Mexico$23.4$14.2$94.02.1%2.1 more
 New York$324.1$353.7$1,557.62.3%19.7 more
 North Carolina$87.5$48.9$546.62.8%10.3 more
 North Dakota$10.1$6.1$54.51.1%0.8 more
 Ohio$130.8$94.9$653.02.4%11.6 more
 Oklahoma$36.2$17.8$180.42.3%3.9 more
 Oregon$49.8$38.0$237.13.3%4.2 more
 Pennsylvania$139.5$126.2$734.72.4%12.8 more
 Rhode Island$12.7$11.9$61.42.2%1.1 more
 South Carolina$50.1$46.1$216.42.5%5.0 more
 South Dakota$7.9$5.4$49.72.4%0.9 more
 Tennessee$62.8$31.6$342.02.5%6.7 more
 Texas$257.5$272.6$1,640.53.2%28.3 more
 All states combined$3,586.8$3,095.2$19,302.82.7%325.4 more
 Utah$28.0$22.2$160.03.0%3.1 more
 Vermont$8.0$4.7$32.41.9%0.6 more
 Virginia$82.5$67.2$517.72.3%8.5 more
 Washington$89.7$91.1$483.92.8%7.4 more
 West Virginia$17.5$13.0$76.31.8%1.8 more
 Wisconsin$63.6$41.5$331.32.4%5.8 more
 Wyoming$9.1$2.0$38.52.0%0.6 more
Notes: estimated guesstimated1

1. "Guesstimated" by projecting the latest change in reported number forward to future years. GSP deviation from national GDP growth cut by 40% per year.

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> State Finances FY13

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2017:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

The Feds Borrow More Than The "Deficit"

People naturally assume that the annual Deficit is the total that the Federal government borrows each year. Actually this is not so. The Deficit is simply the difference between Federal Outlays and Federal Receipts. Usually, the Feds borrow a lot more than the official Deficit.

Like below, in $ billion:

YearGross
Debt
Debt
Increase
Federal
Deficit
Other
Borrow
2000562924-236259
20057905551318232
20101352916531294359
20111476412351300-64
20121605112871087200
201316719669680-11
2014177951075485590
201518120326438-113
2016195371417587830

We have provided the difference between the Debt increase and the Deficit for each year under "Other Borrowings" on the Spending Details page. To Recap:

Other Borrowings = (Increase in Federal Debt) - (Official Deficit)

Spend links

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