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US Federal Budget Analyst

A comparison of federal outlays for FY 2018 estimated in various federal budgets against the actual outlays in FY 2018.

Estimated vs. Actual Federal Spending
for Fiscal Year 2018 from Federal Budgets

Units: By default, values are displayed in billions of nominal dollars. By using a dropdown control in the table heading you can select millions of dollars, percent of GDP, percent of federal total, percent of overall total, dollars per capita of population, and thousand dollars per capita of population.
Fiscal Year: The default year displayed is the current US government fiscal year. But you can select any year you want using the dropdown control in the table heading. At the top and bottom of the dropdown only years ending in “0” are shown. Select a year to get close, then select the year you want. You can increase or decrease the year using the “yr” text links in the table heading.
full screen
US Federal Government Outlays
Budgeted vs. Actual
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2018 in $ billion   +1yr +3yr
Estimates for FY 2018 Federal Outlays in US Budgets
View: people old default radical census programs altprog COFOG
in FY15
in FY16
in FY17
in FY18
[+]  Pensions1,136.01,117.91,089.91,088.2n/a
[+]  Health Care1,192.41,175.01,217.41,211.1n/a
[+]  Education133.0138.9133.2124.0n/a
Charts: Click on a to display a bar of data in a row or column of this table.
Click on to display a time-series chart of data in a row.
[+] Drill-down: Click on the [+] to drill down to more detailed numbers. For federal spending line items (but not revenue) you can drill down three levels to view about 4,000 items of spending at the “agency code” level.
[+]  Welfare390.8402.3397.3392.7n/a
[+]  Protection37.539.740.237.7n/a
[+]  Transportation105.4107.2108.1105.7n/a
[+]  General Government53.049.552.851.3n/a
[+]  Other Spending119.8145.993.777.5n/a
[+]  Interest473.7424.2384.6384.6n/a
[+]  Balance-0.00.0-0.0-1.3n/a
[+]  Total Spending:  Start chart4,443.14,423.34,352.24,352.2n/a
[+]  Federal Deficit413.3478.9453.6453.6n/a
[+]  Gross Public Debt20,961.020,870.320,884.320,884.3n/a
[+]  Other Borrowingn/a296.4281.3281.3n/a
[+]  Agency/GSE Debtn/a8,569.88,875.98,571.8n/a
Pie Chart: Select a pie chart you wish to display. You can create a pie chart for federal, state and local, and overall spending/revenue.
budgeted estimated guesstimated4

Data Sources for 2018:
GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1

Switch to revenue

Starting with the 1986 budget, the Office of Management and Budget provides six years of estimated outlays for each function and subfunction extending from the fiscal year in which the federal budget is published to five years into the future. For instance, the 1986 budget historical tables included estimates for FY85, FY86, FY87, FY88, FY89, and FY90. Starting with FY90, OMB will have made six estimates of outlays for each year before the actual outlays for a fiscal year is reported.

But. For the “default” and “programs” views, we have extracted data from the Public Budget Database to expand Social Security and Medicare beyond the single line item each gets in Table 3.2. The Public Budget Database starts publishing six years of estimated outlays with the FY10 budget, so this page will only provide a full six years of estimates starting with estimated vs. actual data for 2014.

The table shows overall budgeted federal expenditures for major functions for the specified fiscal year, as estimated in the historical tables in several presidential budgets. You can compare these estimates with the actual expenditures for the fiscal year as reported in the budget historical tables after the specified fiscal year is over.

You can change the year or drill down to view more detailed spending information.


Data Sources: Federal spending from Budget of the United States Government.

For a discussion of the sources of the government spending data used here read How We Got the Data for

Budget Updates: The president’s budget is typically published each year in February.

Download Estimated vs. Actual Budget Data for 2018

You can download budget data as a CSV file or directly as a tab-delimited table.

Download Data as CSV File

 Click button to download CSV file of data in table

Tab-delimited Table

Here is the budget table with columns tab-delimited. You can cut and paste directly into a spreadsheet:

You can copy all the text in the textbox by clicking your cursor in the box. Then press Ctrl-A and Ctrl-C and paste the text into your spreadsheet.

Top Spending Requests:

Find DEFICIT stats and history.

Get WELFARE stats and history.

US BUDGET overview and pie chart.


DOWNLOAD spending data or debt data.

See FEDERAL BUDGET breakdown and estimated vs. actual.

MILITARY SPENDING details, budget and history.


See BAR CHARTS of spending, debt.

Check STATE spending: CA NY TX FL and compare.



Take a COURSE at Spending 101.

Make your own CUSTOM CHART.

Spending Data Sources

Spending data is from official government sources.

Gross Domestic Product data comes from US Bureau of Economic Analysis and

Detailed table of spending data sources here.

Federal spending data begins in 1792.

State and local spending data begins in 1890.

State and local spending data for individual states begins in 1957.

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Next Data Update

> Federal Budget FY18

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2018:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

FY18 Budget Blueprint Released

On March 16, 2018 the Trump administration issued a Budget Blueprint outlining proposed changes to "discretionary" spending for Fiscal Year 2018. The following table shows the major changes to Budget Authority in excess of $2 billion per agency.

AgencyFY18 Change
in $ billion
Health and
Human Services
State and Intl Aid-10.9

Because usgovernmentspending spending data is based on Historical Table 3.2, it shows spending by function rather than by agency. Until Table 3.2 is published in the final version of the FY18 budget we cannot exactly predict how the Table 3.2 numbers will change at the subfunction level.

But we have applied the Budget Blueprint budget authority changes into the budgeted FY18 outlays by guessing the application of agency level changes to subfunction changes to give a rough feeling of what the Trump changes look like. You can check out what is going on here or here.

The numbers will change when the final FY18 federal budget numbers come out.

Spend links

us numbersus budgetcustom chartdeficit/gdpspend/gdpdebt/gdpus gdpus real gdpstate gdpbreakdownfederalstatelocal201520162017californiatexas

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Christopher Chantrill.

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