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State Debt Rank

Compare state and local debt for the 50 states against state growth and population.

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Debt
in percent GDP
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Comparison of State and Local Government Spending
in the United States
-5yr -1yr   Fiscal Year 2012  +1yr +5yr
Amounts in percent GDP

StateState
Debt
Local
Debt
State and
Local
Debt
Gross
State
Product
Real
State
Growth
Popu-
lation
(million)
 Wyoming3.23%2.63%5.86%$40.9-5.0%0.6 more
 North Dakota4.23%5.40%9.62%$49.319.5%0.7 more
 District of Columbia0.00%10.55%10.55%$109.90.0%0.6 more
 Idaho6.76%3.94%10.71%$58.4-0.0%1.6 more
 Oklahoma5.89%5.20%11.10%$169.33.5%3.8 more
 Iowa3.86%7.52%11.38%$159.73.4%3.1 more
 North Carolina4.10%7.29%11.39%$445.70.1%9.7 more
 Arkansas3.20%9.03%12.24%$114.10.8%2.9 more
 Georgia3.05%9.66%12.71%$438.80.9%9.9 more
 Tennessee2.20%11.02%13.22%$280.23.5%6.5 more
 South Dakota8.36%5.21%13.57%$43.2-0.9%0.8 more
 Montana9.53%4.19%13.72%$41.92.0%1.0 more
 Delaware9.81%4.12%13.93%$59.1-3.0%0.9 more
 Maryland7.81%6.14%13.95%$330.50.4%5.9 more
 Mississippi6.96%7.15%14.10%$103.43.4%3.0 more
 Louisiana6.15%8.19%14.34%$250.71.9%4.6 more
 Nebraska2.02%12.67%14.69%$102.81.0%1.9 more
 Virginia6.25%8.44%14.69%$444.60.7%8.2 more
 Ohio6.20%8.79%14.99%$542.11.6%11.6 more
 Utah5.52%9.88%15.40%$128.10.7%2.9 more
 Alabama4.66%11.10%15.76%$187.00.6%4.8 more
 West Virginia10.63%5.26%15.89%$68.7-3.4%1.9 more
 Wisconsin8.42%7.55%15.97%$273.11.1%5.7 more
 Vermont11.96%4.18%16.14%$28.30.4%0.6 more
 New Hampshire12.08%4.12%16.20%$66.51.4%1.3 more
 Maine10.54%5.70%16.24%$53.2-0.1%1.3 more
 Minnesota4.47%11.91%16.38%$295.71.2%5.4 more
 Alaska10.20%6.19%16.39%$57.93.3%0.7 more
 Indiana7.50%9.01%16.50%$300.30.5%6.5 more
 Oregon6.78%10.22%17.00%$203.4-0.2%3.9 more
 Missouri7.64%9.71%17.36%$266.70.9%6.0 more
 Connecticut13.33%4.53%17.85%$239.90.3%3.6 more
 All states combined7.09%11.12%18.20%$16,163.22.3%314.1 more
 Arizona5.42%12.92%18.34%$267.52.0%6.6 more
 Michigan7.42%10.97%18.39%$415.11.6%9.9 more
 Colorado5.78%12.79%18.57%$276.82.1%5.2 more
 Texas3.15%15.53%18.68%$1,449.36.2%26.1 more
 New Mexico8.56%10.15%18.71%$88.20.6%2.1 more
 Kansas4.88%14.12%19.00%$140.40.4%2.9 more
 Florida4.98%14.19%19.17%$766.31.7%19.4 more
 Hawaii11.56%7.75%19.30%$72.71.5%1.4 more
 Washington7.45%11.90%19.35%$390.62.7%6.9 more
 New Jersey12.39%7.27%19.66%$523.32.5%8.9 more
 California7.22%12.53%19.75%$2,125.12.5%38.1 more
 Illinois9.05%11.53%20.59%$710.31.8%12.9 more
 Pennsylvania7.46%13.44%20.90%$619.40.7%12.8 more
 Massachusetts18.57%3.89%22.46%$428.41.7%6.7 more
 South Carolina8.42%14.49%22.91%$176.30.4%4.7 more
 Rhode Island17.94%5.30%23.24%$51.30.8%1.1 more
 Nevada3.12%20.13%23.25%$124.9-0.2%2.8 more
 Kentucky8.45%15.33%23.78%$178.71.0%4.4 more
 New York10.43%15.68%26.11%$1,302.53.1%19.6 more
Notes: estimated actual

Data Sources:
State GDP Information
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

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Next Data Update

> Federal Budget FY16

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2012:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 3.2, 5.1, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported spending forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

State and Local Finances Update for FY 2013

On February 1, 2016 usgovernmentspending.com learned that the US Census Bureau may not continue distributing a "flat file" of state and local finances, but only publish a summary of state and local finances.

So we have adapted our state and local finance process to extract the necessary data from the summary files published at the Bureau's State and Local Finance page. Briefly, this means that many detail functions, such as elementary education, are compressed to a single data item instead of two or three.

On February 6, 2016 we updated the state and local spending and revenue for FY 2013 using the newly Census Bureau State and Local Government Finances summaries for FY 2013 released in Fall 2015.  This includes state and local spending for the United States as a whole and individual states and the District of Columbia.

State and local spending and revenue for FY2013 are now actual historical spending as reported by the Census Bureau.  Previously state spending and revenue for FY2013 was actual and local spending and revenue was estimated.  The following table shows the difference between estimated and actual local spending and revenue for FY2013:

FY 2013Estimated
$ billion
Actual
$ billion
Local Spending$1,601$1,684
Local Revenue$1,094$1,169

We will update the "guesstimated" state and local finances for FY2014-20 after the FY2017 federal budget update.

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